The global company Cermaq, with farming operations in Norway, Canada and Chile, has reported about its good fish health and environmental performance in 2021. Survival rate for Atlantic salmon last year was 95%, with variances between areas and showing the potential for further improvement. “We did not reach our goal of zero escapes in 2021. Of a total of more than 90,000,000 fish in our worldwide operations 5,609 fish escaped,” they reveal in a new report.

They continue to focus on protection of local diversity as an important part of their operations with objective to further reduce escapes in 2022 through better monitoring technology and improvement of work procedures. The report has been prepared in accordance with the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) standards’ requirements and has been assured by our external auditors.

Cermaq‘s GRI report for 2021 incorporates both industry-specific data and information based on the GRI Protocols. Here is detailed information about, for example, vaccination of fish, medicine use, sea lice treatment, ingredients in the salmon feed, interaction with wildlife (birds and mammals), escapes, energy use, OHS figures, and taxes and investments per country.

“Our use of standardized methodologies allows users of our report to compare and benchmark our results for sustainability both against other salmon producers and production of other types of fish, animal and plant proteins”, they say.

Survival rate for Atlantic salmon last year was 95% with variances between areas showing the potential for further improvement. Scoring fish welfare on three levels; environmental, population and individual is an important tool to increase survival rate.


Salmon farming engages many around the world

Increasing food production in the ocean is needed to mitigate climate change and to reach the UN sustainable development goals. Salmon farming engages many around the world and robust data are necessary to facilitate the public debate.

Facts about salmon farming performance are needed for improvement in operations but also for constructive discussion and dialogue with stakeholders. This has been the basis for Cermaq’s comprehensive sustainability reporting and why our report is externally reviewed by our auditors, says Lars Galtung, Director for sustainability and communication.

For the CEO of Cermaq, Steven Rafferty, the company’s commitment to cut GHG emissions by 35% “summarizes the transformation in our operations with sustainable salmon farming as a key solution”. With a revised strategy in 2021, sustainability continues to be the basis for Cermaq operations as well as their global engagements. Committing to cutting the GHG emissions for their entire value chain by 35% in 2030 is a direct consequence of this strategy, they explain.

Cooperating with suppliers and customers is a key part

“The challenge is huge: Cermaq’s own GHG emissions constituted only 10% of the emissions in our value chain, the big challenge lies in fish feed production and the transport to market. Cooperating with suppliers and customers is hence a key part of this commitment,” Rafferty explain.

Our engagement against deforestation goes beyond our own supply chain, and in 2021, the salmon industry succeeded in achieving commitment from soy suppliers in Brazil to combat deforestation. For many years all soy ingredients to salmon feed have been certified not coming from deforested areas, but now the suppliers have committed to not have any soy from deforested areas in their entire supply chain. They deserve recognition.

“Our work in the partnerships Global Salmon Initiative (GSI), SeaBOS and Global Compact Ocean Stewardship Coalition is a basis for amplifying best practices, sharing learning across sectors, and driving policy development for food transitions and climate actions,” Rafferty added.

The GRI report is available at


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